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Table 2 Dietary formulation and proximate composition of the seven experimental diets for L. vannamei (% dry matter)

From: Supplemental effects of biofloc powder on growth performance, innate immunity, and disease resistance of Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei

Ingredients Experimental diets
Con BF0.5 BF1 BF2 BF4 BF6 BF8
Brown fishmeal 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0
Soybean meal 30.0 30.0 30.0 29.5 28.5 27.5 26.5
Squid liver meal 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00
Wheat flour 29.0 28.5 28.0 27.5 26.5 25.5 24.5
Starch 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00
Fish oil 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Mineral mixa 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Vitamin mixb 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Choline chloride 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Lecithin 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Biofloc 0.00 0.50 1.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00
Chemical composition (% dry matter)
 Dry matter 93.2 93.8 94.0 93.2 93.1 93.6 93.5
 Crude protein 40.8 40.9 40.7 40.6 41.0 41.0 41.0
 Crude lipid 6.70 7.50 7.10 7.00 7.60 7.30 7.50
 Crude Ash 8.00 8.40 8.30 8.60 9.30 10.0 10.8
 Energy, MJ/kg diet 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.5 16.4 16.2 16.1
  1. aMineral premix (g/kg mixture): MgSO4.7H2O, 80.0; NaH2PO4.2H2O, 370.0; KCl, 130.0; Ferric citrate, 40.0; ZnSO4.7H2O, 20.0; Ca-lactate, 356.5; CuCl, 0.2; AlCl3.6H2O, 0.15; Na2Se2O3, 0.01; MnSO4.H2O, 2.0; CoCl2.6H2O, 1.0
  2. bVitamin premix (g/kg mixture): L-ascorbic acid, 121.2; DL-tocopheryl acetate, 18.8; thiamin hydrochloride, 2.7; riboflavin, 9.1; pyridoxine hydrochloride, 1.8; niacin, 36.4; Ca-D-pantothenate, 12.7; myo-inositol, 181.8; D-biotin, 0.27; folic acid, 0.68; p-aminobezoic acid, 18.2; menadione, 1.8; retinyl acetate, 0.73; cholecalficerol, 0.003; cyanocobalamin, 0.003