Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 5 Effect of fish fed on M. piperita-supplemented diet without or with probiotic bacterium B. coagulans on water quality characteristics (Experiment 1 and Experiment 2)

From: Synergistic effects of autochthonous probiotic bacterium and Mentha piperita diets in Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) for enhanced growth and immune response

Physico-chemical parameters Dietary treatments
Experiment 1
  C1 P1 P2 P3 P4
 Dissolved oxygen (DO) mg L−1 6.71 ± 0.040A 6.73 ± 0.130A 6.71 ± 0.060A 6.45 ± 0.020A 6.60 ± 0.040A
 pH 7.60 ± 0.040A 7.57 ± 0.130A 7.59 ± 0.060A 7.66 ± 0.020A 7.42 ± 0.050A
 Temperature (°C) 26.50 ± 0.200 A 26.23 ± 0.080A 26.25 ± 0.070A 26.33 ± 0.220A 26.13 ± 0.050 A
 Conductivity ( μ mhos cm−1 ) 662.22 ± 0.710A 664.17 ± 5.170A 668.00 ± 2.080A 660.56 ± 12.650A 661.50 ± 3.770A
 Alkalinity (mgL−1) 191.11 ± 1.440A 188.67 ± 2.400A 187.00 ± 2.500A 186.22 ± 1.730 A 190.33 ± 2.510 A
 Chloride (mg L−1 ) 39.59 ± 0.500A 38.43 ± 0.430A 38.22 ± 0.330A 38.16 ± 0.140A 39.37 ± 0.240 A
 Calcium (mgL−1) 18.73 ± 0.680A 18.33 ± 0.170 A 19.39 ± 0.490 A 19.11 ± 0.280 A 18.78 ± 0.480 A
 Hardness (mgL−1) 83.22 ± 0.730A 80.11 ± 0.950A 79.78 ± 0.950 A 78.33 ± 1.680 A 78.00 ± 1.900A
 Total NH3-N excretion ( mg Kg−1 BW day−1 ) 766.67 ± 2.330A 521.67 ± 2.030C 459.67 ± 3.050D 454.33 ± 2.180E 568.67 ± 3.180B
 Total o-PO4 production ( mg Kg−1 BW day−1 ) 383.33 ± 3.170A 307.67 ± 2.900D 346.00 ± 2.640C 290.67 ± 1.200E 364.00 ± 2.300B
Experiment 2
  C2 PP1 PP2 PP3 PP4
 Dissolved oxygen (DO) mg L−1 6.80 ± 0.030A 6.38 ± 0.080B 6.58 ± 0.020AB 6.58 ± 0.080AB 6.53 ± 0.040B
 pH 7.57 ± 0.050 A 7.55 ± 0.070A 7.54 ± 0.150 A 7.60 ± 0.090 A 7.69 ± 0.190 A
 Temperature (°C) 26.19 ± 0.140 A 26.35 ± 0.010 A 26.43 ± 0.050 A 26.41 ± 0.170 A 26.45 ± 0.170 A
 Conductivity ( μ mhos cm−1 ) 653.83 ± 3.170 C 662.45 ± 5.550ABC 657.28 ± 5.410BC 679.17 ± 0.480 A 674.11 ± 3.320AB
 Alkalinity (mgL−1) 189.33 ± 1.200 A 186.22 ± 1.920 A 187.45 ± 0.390 A 188.67 ± 1.890 A 190.67 ± 2.220 A
 Chloride (mg L−1 ) 39.70 ± 0.480A 39.54 ± 0.360A 39.20 ± 0.190 A 39.59 ± 0.250 A 39.70 ± 0.240 A
 Calcium (mgL−1) 19.10 ± 0.410 A 18.92 ± 0.500 A 18.41 ± 0.490 A 18.55 ± 0.540 A 18.55 ± 0.860 A
 Hardness (mgL−1) 81.22 ± 0.730 A 79.56 ± 1.100 A 81.11 ± 1.390 A 81.56 ± 0.590A 80.56 ± 2.350A
 Total NH3-N excretion ( mg Kg−1 BW day−1 ) 676.33 ± 2.330A 535 ± 2.880B 439 ± 2.300D 363.33 ± 2.030E 445.33 ± 2.910C
 Total o-PO4 production ( mg Kg−1 BW day−1 ) 344.67 ± 1.45A 295.33 ± 1.45B 307 ± 2.88C 206.67 ± 1.76E 289.33 ± 2.33D
  1. Note: All values are mean ± S.E. of mean. Values with different superscript in the same row are significantly (P < 0.05) different (Tukey’s honest test)