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Table 1 Seasonal distribution of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from samples of seawater, fish, and shellfish in Korea

From: Food-borne outbreaks, distributions, virulence, and antibiotic resistance profiles of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Korea from 2003 to 2016: a review

Samples Detection rate (%) (positive/total number) References
Site (year) Type (number) Positive number Dec~Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov
Seawater
 Coast in Kyunggi and Incheon Seawater (281) 174 42.3a 37.5a 58.0a 85.0a 92.9a 76.5a 61.5a Han et al. 2012
 Shellfish farms in south coast (2013) Seawater (152) 9 0.0 (0/59) 0.0 (0/13) 0.0 (0/13) 7.7 (1/13) 35.7 (5/14) 15.4 (2/13) 0.0 (0/13) 7.1 (1/14) Park et al. 2016
 Shellfish farms in south coast (2014) Seawater (143) 10 0.0 (0/61) 8.3 (1/12) 8.3 (1/12) 0.0 (0/12) 40.0 (4/10) 33.3 (4/12) 0.0 (0/12) 0.0 (0/12) Park et al. 2016
 Shellfish farms in south coast (2015) Seawater (134) 21 2.1 (1/48) 16.7 (2/12) 8.3 (1/12) 16.7 (2/12) 66.7 (8/12) 33.3 (4/12) 23.1 (3/13) 0.0 (0/13) Park et al. 2016
Fish and shellfish
 Seafood markets in Busan and Gyeong Nam (2004) Sea foods (213) 65 0a 6.3a 9.1a 50.0a 66.5a 64.5a 41.5a 18.0a Kim et al. 2005
 Seafood markets in Kyunggi and Incheon Fish and shellfish (685) 286 37.5a 46.5a 35.0a 47.5a 61.5a 45.5a 30.5a Han et al. 2012
 Seafood markets in Seoul (2005) Oyster (72) 48 0.0 (0/16) 87.5 (7/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 12.5 (1/8) Lee et al. 2008
 Shellfish farms in Geoje and Tongyeong Coast (2011) Oyster (40) 29 100 (8/8) 87.5 (7/8) 87.5 (7/8) 50.0 (4/8) 37.5 (3/8) Yu et al. 2014
 Gomso Bay (2011) Shellfish (40) 39 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 87.5 (7/8) Yu et al. 2014
 Shellfish farms in south coast (2013) Shellfish (169) 19 1.4 (1/73) 6.3 (1/16) 23.1 (3/13) 16.7 (2/12) 46.2 (6/13) 30.8 (4/13) 0.0 (0/16) 11.8 (2/17) Park et al. 2016
 Shellfish farms in south coast (2014) Shellfish (161) 14 3.8 (3/79) 0.0 (0/12) 7.7 (1/13) 7.7 (1/13) 25.0 (3/12) 36.4 (4/11) 0.0 (0/10) 12.5 (2/16) Park et al. 2016
 Shellfish farms in south coast (2015) Shellfish (151) 50 4.8 (3/62) 15.4 (2/13) 27.3 (3/11) 72.7 (8/11) 80.0 (8/10) 69.2 (9/13) 56.3 (9/16) 50.0 (8/16) Park et al. 2016
 Shellfish farms in Incheon Coast (2014–2015) Oyster (96) 36 0.0 (0/40) 0.0 (0/8) 50 (4/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 100 (8/8) 0.0 (0/8) Kim et al. 2016a
  1. aDetection rate was assumed based on the figures in references Kim et al. 2005; Han et al. 2012