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Table 1 Ingredients and chemical composition of the experimental diets

From: Effect of dietary carbohydrate sources on apparent nutrient digestibility of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) feed

  Diets
WF PS CS AL DEX CMC
Ingredients (%)
 Fish meal 61.0 61.0 61.0 61.0 61.0 61.0
 Corn gluten meal 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
 Dehulled soybean meal 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
 Wheat flour 20.0      
 α-potato starch   20.0     
 α-corn starch    20.0    
 Na alginate     20.0   
 Dextrin      20.0  
 Carboxymethyl cellulose       20.0
 Squid liver oil 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
 Vitamin premixa 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
 Mineral premixb 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
 Vitamin C (50 %) 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
 Vitamin E (25 %) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Choline salt (50 %) 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
 Cr2O3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nutrient content (dry matter basis)
 Crude protein (%) 53.2 49.6 50.7 49.8 49.3 49.4
 Crude lipid (%) 7.9 7.5 8.2 9.4 9.2 8.4
 Ash (%) 13.8 13.1 13.9 17.8 14.1 17.0
 N-free extract (%)c 25.1 29.8 27.2 23.0 27.4 25.2
 Gross energy (kcal/g diet) 4.2 4.0 4.2 3.7 4.2 4.0
  1. aVitamin premix contained the following amount which were diluted in cellulose (g/kg mix): dl-α-tocopheryl acetate, 18.8; thiamin hydrochloride, 2.7; riboflavin, 9.1; pyridoxine hydrochloride, 1.8; niacin, 36.4; Ca-D-pantothenate, 12.7; myo-inositol, 181.8; D-biotin, 0.27; folic acid (98 %), 0.68; p-aminobenzoic acid, 18.2; menadione, 1.8; retinyl acetate, 0.73; cholecalciferol, 0.003; and cyanocobalamin, 0.003
  2. bMineral premix contained the following ingredients (g/kg mix): MgSO47H2O, 80.0; NaH2PO42H2O, 370.0; KCl, 130.0; ferric citrate, 40.0; ZnSO47H2O, 20.0; Ca-lactate, 356.5; CuCl, 0.2; AlCl36H2O, 0.15; KI, 0.15; Na2Se2O3, 0.01; MnSO4H2O, 2.0; and CoCl26H2O, 1.0
  3. cCalculated = 100 − (crude protein + crude lipid + ash)