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Table 3 Survival and feed utilization of Oreochromis niloticus juveniles fed with different quantities of Garcinia kola supplemented diets for 70 days

From: Effect of Garcinia kola seeds supplemented diet on growth performance and gonadal development of Oreochromis niloticus juveniles breed in ponds

Parameter Normal diet Normal diet + G. kola (6%) Normal diet + G. kola (10%)
Initial number 36 36 36
Final number 36 36 36
Survival rate (%) 100a 100a 100a
Initial biomass (g) 159.86 ± 8.71 158.15 ± 6.87 161.72 ± 16.94
Final biomass (g) 352.13 ± 27.28 391.63 ± 13.66 319.18 ± 16.94
Initial weight (g) 13.32 ± 0.72 13.18 ± 0.57 13.48 ± 0.78
Final weight (g) 29.34 ± 2.27 32.64 ± 1.13 26.60 ± 1.41
Final length (cm) 11.35 ± 0.41 12.35 ± 0.10 11.30 ± 0.19
Condition factor 2.00 ± 0.10a 1.73 ± 0.04a 1.84 ± 0.03a
Feed intake (g/fish) 69.94 ± 4.68ab 73.81 ± 2.60a 63.35 ± 2.68b
Protein intake (g/fish) 28.00 ± 1.08ab 29.56 ± 0.60a 25.37 ± 0.62 b
Feed conversion ratio 4.39 ± 0.30a 3.80 ± 0.10a 4.87 ± 0.37a
Protein efficiency ratio 0.57 ± 0.03 ab 0.66 ± 0.01 a 0.52 ± 0.04 b
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation of 3 replications containing 12 fish per replicate. Values on the same row carrying the same letter are not significantly different at p < 0.05