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Table 7 Effect of fish fed on M. piperita-supplemented diet without or with probiotic bacterium B. coagulans on immunological parameters (Experiment 1 and Experiment 2)

From: Synergistic effects of autochthonous probiotic bacterium and Mentha piperita diets in Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) for enhanced growth and immune response

Immunological parameters Dietary treatments
Experiment 1
  C1 P1 P2 P3 P4
 Phagocytic activity 67.13 ± 0.540C 71.73 ± 0.890E 75.40 ± 0.740B 77.24 ± 1.190A 67.96 ± 1.260C
 Phagocytic index 1.43 ± 0.003E 1.83 ± 0.010C 2.04 ± 0.010B 2.54 ± 0.003A 1.64 ± 0.040D
 Respiratory burst activity (NBT) 0.48 ± 0.010D 0.53 ± 0.010D 0.71 ± 0.010B 0.84 ± 0.010A 0.63 ± 0.010C
 Serum bactericidal activity (103 CFU ml−1) 5.10 ± 0.080A 4.88 ± 0.050AB 4.62 ± 0.030BC 4.03 ± 0.150D 4.37 ± 0.080CD
 Serum protein (μg ml−1) 3.38 ± 0.010C 3.42 ± 0.020C 3.59 ± 0.020B 3.94 ± 0.010A 3.51 ± 0.010B
Experiment 2
  C2 PP1 PP2 PP3 PP4
 Phagocytic activity 73.52 ± 1.280D 71.65 ± 0.590E 76.43 ± 0.150B 82.09 ± 0.830A 74.26 ± 0.980C
 Phagocytic index 1.92 ± 0.010D 2.11 ± 0.010C 2.19 ± 0.010B 2.96 ± 0.010A 1.77 ± 0.010E
 Respiratory burst activity (NBT) 0.80 ± 0.010C 0.83 ± 0.010C 0.89 ± 0.010B 1.02 ± 0.010A 0.90 ± 0.010B
 Serum bactericidal activity (103 CFU ml−1) 4.75 ± 0.030A 4.40 ± 0.050B 3.80 ± 0.050C 3.43 ± 0.040D 3.81 ± 0.030C
 Serum protein (μg ml−1) 3.55 ± 0.010E 3.81 ± 0.010C 3.92 ± 0.010B 4.17 ± 0.010A 3.70 ± 0.010D
  1. Note: All values are mean ± S.E. of mean. Values with different superscript in the same row are significantly (P < 0.05) different (Tukey’s honest test)