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Table 6 Proximate carcass composition of experimental diets containing M. piperita without or with probiotic bacterium B. coagulans (Experiment 1 and Experiment 2)

From: Synergistic effects of autochthonous probiotic bacterium and Mentha piperita diets in Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) for enhanced growth and immune response

Proximate composition Dietary treatments
Experiment 1
  Initial value C1 P1 P2 P3 P4
 Crude protein (%) 9.27 ± 0.020 15.34 ± 0.020D 15.43 ± 0.020CD 15.55 ± 0.020B 15.93 ± 0.030A 15.52 ± 0.010BC
 Crude fat (%) 4.03 ± 0.020 6.48 ± 0.010D 6.65 ± 0.010C 6.76 ± 0.010B 6.99 ± 0.020A 6.81 ± 0.030B
 Total ash (%) 2.59 ± 0.010 3.67 ± 0.010D 3.82 ± 0.020C 3.94 ± 0.020B 4.17 ± 0.010A 3.98 ± 0.020B
 Moisture (%) 64.76 ± 0.030 63.72 ± 0.020D 64.25 ± 0.030C 64.25 ± 0.080C 63.87 ± 0.030C 64.47 ± 0.030B
 Nitrogen free extract (%) 21.94 ± 0.040 14.46 ± 0.040A 13.67 ± 0.040B 13.43 ± 0.070BC 12.21 ± 0.010D 13.20 ± 0.050C
 Gross energy (kJ g−1) 7.54 ± 0.020 8.60 ± 0.0020C 8.62 ± 0.010BC 8.67 ± 0.010B 8.79 ± 0.004A 8.62 ± 0.003BC
Experiment 2
  Initial value C2 PP1 PP2 PP3 PP4
 Crude protein (%) 9.27 ± 0.020 15.62 ± 0.040D 15.77 ± 0.030C 15.95 ± 0.020B 16.14 ± 0.040A 15.79 ± 0.020C
 Crude fat (%) 4.03 ± 0.020 6.69 ± 0.030C 6.82 ± 0.030B 6.93 ± 0.020A 7.00 ± 0.030A 6.95 ± 0.020A
 Total ash (%) 2.59 ± 0.010 3.62 ± 0.010C 3.59 ± 0.020C 3.76 ± 0.030B 3.93 ± 0.020A 3.98 ± 0.020A
 Moisture (%) 64.76 ± 0.030 62.72 ± 0.010D 62.88 ± 0.020C 63.10 ± 0.030B 63.23 ± 0.020A 62.94 ± 0.020C
 Nitrogen free extract (%) 21.94 ± 0.040 14.97 ± 0.090A 14.52 ± 0.060B 14.02 ± 0.050C 13.62 ± 0.140D 14.31 ± 0.020B
 Gross energy (kJ g−1) 7.54 ± 0.020 8.90 ± 0.010A 8.92 ± 0.003A 8.92 ± 0.010A 8.94 ± 0.010A 8.94 ± 0.010A
  1. Note: All values are mean ± S.E. of mean. Values with different superscript in the same row are significantly (P < 0.05) different (Tukey’s honest test)