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Table 2 Ingredients and proximate composition of the experimental diets (% DM)

From: Total replacement of dietary fish oil with alternative lipid sources in a practical diet for mandarin fish, Siniperca scherzeri, juveniles

  Experimental diets
FO LO SO Lard
Ingredients (% DM)
 Anchovy FM1 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0
 Casein 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
 Wheat gluten 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
 Wheat flour 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
 Fish oil 6.0
 Linseed oil 6.0
 Soybean oil 6.0
 Lard 6.0
 Vitamin premix2 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
 Mineral premix3 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
 Stay-C (50%) 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
 Vitamin E (25%) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
 Choline (50%) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Proximate composition (% DM)
 Dry matter 70.5 63.7 66.8 60.4
 Crude protein 56.0 56.2 56.8 56.9
 Crude lipid 13.0 13.2 13.2 13.3
 Ash 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.2
Fatty acids (% total fatty acids)
 14:0 8.5 1.7 1.6 3.0
 16:0 21.2 11.2 15.1 22.7
 18:0 4.5 4.2 4.5 10.1
 16:1n-7 8.3 0.9 0.8 2.2
 18:1n-9 (OA)4 8.3 14.3 20.7 32.8
 18:2n-6 (LA)5 1.6 11.2 32.7 8.1
 18:3n-3 (ALA)6 0.7 33.7 4.2 0.4
 20:4n-6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
 20:5n-3 (EPA)7 14.5 3.7 3.6 3.6
 22:5n-3 11.4 0.6 0.6 0.6
 22:6n-3 (DHA)8 16.6 12.4 12.1 12.3
  1. FO fish oil, LO linseed oil, SO soybean oil
  2. 1Pesquera Bahia Caldera, Caldera, Chile; with crude protein 69.1%, crude lipid 12.6%, ash 14.1% dry matter
  3. 2Vitamin premix contained the following amounts which were diluted in cellulose (g/kg premix): DL-α-tocopheryl acetate, 18.8; thiamin hydrochloride, 2.7; riboflavin, 9.1; pyridoxine hydrochloride, 1.8; niacin, 36.4; Ca-D-pantothenate, 12.7; myo-inositol, 181.8; D-biotin, 0.27; folic acid, 0.68; p-aminobenzoic acid, 18.2; menadione, 1.8; retinyl acetate, 0.73; cholecalciferol, 0.003; cyanocobalamin, 0.003
  4. 3Mineral premix contained the following ingredients (g/kg premix): MgSO4·7H2O, 80.0; NaH2PO4·2H2O, 370.0; KCl, 130.0; ferric citrate, 40.0; ZnSO4·7H2O, 20.0; Ca-lactate, 356.5; CuCl, 0.2; AlCl3·6H2O, 0.15; KI, 0.15; Na2Se2O3, 0.01; MnSO4·H2O, 2.0; CoCl2·6H2O, 1.0
  5. 4Oleic acid
  6. 5Linoleic acid
  7. 6α-Linolenic acid
  8. 7Eicosapentaenoic acid
  9. 8Decosahexaenoic acid