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Table 1 Feed ingredients in the experimental diets (%, dry matter basis)

From: Substitution effect of white radish (Raphanus sativus L.)’ by-product and tunic of sea squirt (Halocynthia rorentzi, von Drasche) for Undaria pinnatifida in feed of abalone (Haliotis discus, Reeve 1846)

  Experimental diets
Ingredients Control WRB TSS Undaria
Fish meal 20 20 20  
Fermented soybean meal 12 12 12  
Casein 5 5 5  
Dextrin 22 22 22  
Undaria powder (CP:14.9%, CL:2.7%) 15    
White radish’ by-product (WRB) (CP: 21.6%, CL: 1.3%)   15   
Tunic of sea squirt (TSS) (CP: 28.5%, CL: 0.7%)    15  
Squid liver oil 0.5 0.5 0.5  
Soybean oil 0.5 0.5 0.5  
Sodium alginate 20 20 20  
Vitamin premixa 2 2 2  
Mineral premixb 3 3 3  
Nutrient (%)
 Dry matter 97.0 96.3 96.5 86.0
 Crude protein 33.3 34.0 34.6 20.7
 Crude lipid 3.1 3.3 3.2 0.8
 Ash 12.8 12.6 12.1 36.1
 Carbohydratec 50.8 50.1 50.1 42.4
  1. aVitamin premix contained the following amount which were diluted in cellulose (g/kg mix): excipient, 317; riboflavin, 23.8; pyridoxine, 4.7; niacin, 95.2; Ca-pantothenate, 33.3; inositol, 476.9; folic acid, 1.5; p-amino benzoic acid, 47.6
  2. bMineral premix contained the following ingredients (g/kg mix): excipient, 45.5; MgSO4, 140.8; NaH2PO4, 92.4; KH2PO4, 246; Ca(H2PO4)2, 139.5; ZnSO4, 22.5; Ca-lactate, 310; AlCl3, 0.15; KI, 0.15; MnSO4, 2; CoCl2, 1
  3. cCarbohydrate was calculated by the difference (100 − % crude protein − % crude lipid − % ash)