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Table 1 Ingredients and composition of experimental diets for Apostichopus japonicus (% dry matter basis)

From: Effects of different algae in diet on growth and interleukin (IL)-10 production of juvenile sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus

Ingredients ST (control) UL UP LJ SS NO
Ulva lactuca powder 0 15 0 0 0 0
Undaria pinnatifida powder 0 0 15 0 0 0
Laminaria japonica powder 0 0 0 15 0 0
Schizochytrium sp. powder 0 0 0 0 15 0
Nannochloropsis oculata powder 0 0 0 0 0 15
Wheat flour 15 0 0 0 0 0
Seaweed powder 15 15 15 15 15 15
Soybean meal 8 8 8 8 8 8
Shellfish powder 8 8 8 8 8 8
Shell powder 2 2 2 2 2 2
Calcium phosphate 2 2 2 2 2 2
Yeast protein 5 5 5 5 5 5
Soyabean lecithin 4 4 4 4 4 4
Mineral premixa 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Vitamin premixb 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Sea mud 40 40 40 40 40 40
Proximate composition (%)
 Crude protein 17.74 17.03 17.48 16.87 17.59 19.64
 Crude lipid 3.39 3.72 3.11 3.32 7.44 5.64
 Ash 41.20 44.80 45.55 45.85 41.5 42.10
  1. aMineral premix (g kg−1 premix): MgSO4·7H2O, 80.0; NaH2PO4·2H2O, 200.0; KH2PO4, 130.0; Ferric citrate, 40.0; ZnSO4·7H2O, 10; Ca-lactate, 25.5; CuCl, 0.2; AlCl3·6H2O, 0.15; KIO3, 0.15; Na2Se2O3, 0.01; MnSO4·H2O, 2.0; CoCl2·6H2O, 1.0
  2. bVitamin premix (g kg−1 premix): ascorbic acid, 92.7; α-tocopheryl acetate, 14.5; thiamine hydrochloride, 7; riboflavin, 7.0; pyridoxine hydrochloride, 1.4; niacin, 27.8; Ca-D-pantothenate, 9.7; myo-inositol, 139.1; D-biotin, 0.5; folic acid, 0.5; p-amino benzoic acid, 13.9; menadione, 4.2; retinyl acetate, 0.65; cholecalciferol, 0.8; cyanocobalamin, 0.004